Slavery and Separation
First documented “Slave Patrol” founded
Passing of Virginia’s slave codes
“…the master shall be free of all punishment”
Carl Linnaeus publishes first edition of “Systema Naturae”
Many are unaware, but Linnaeus also created a human classification system and vestiges of this are still present today. By the 10th edition of his work, published in 1758, he created a hierarchical and color-coded system to classify humans and assign traits. Linnaeus laid out several proposed "species" of humans, including Americanus, Europaeus, Asiaticus and Africanus. From the beginning of this “work,” Africanus were always last in his hierarchy and descriptions were perceived as the most physical, detailed, and negative.
Slow March to Freedom
First anti-slavery society formed in Pennsylvania
By the 1770’s, many of Philadelphia’s slaveholders moved toward emancipation as they faced religious, moral and economic pressures.
The Pennsylvania Abolition Society, as it is now known, still exists today and seeks to “improve conditions of African Americans throughout Pennsylvania.”
Race and Insurance
Slave Trade makes up 41% of British Marine Insurance